Whether you call it Onigiri – おにぎり – or musubi, there’s a lot to love about Japanese rice balls! Salted and lightly compressed rice filled with goodies like pickled plums or okaka and wrapped in sheets of nori. YUM! Learn about the origins of onigiri, the best rice to use and step-by-step directions to form your own perfect rice balls at home. Plus four delicious, easy to make onigiri recipes!
“Let’s go to 7-Eleven,” are words that commonly come out of my mouth when I’m in Japan.
Whether it’s in response to my Mom asking me what I want for lunch, or a gentle (not so gentle) suggestion to Ben when he asks if I’m peckish. I tend to say it a lot!
You see, the Japanese konbini (convenience store) is worlds apart from its North American counterpart.
Instead of a predictable aisle of chips, frozen burritos and the same old soft drinks – it’s a place you can go to get everything from fresh soba, katsudon, takowasa, melonpan, oden, fried chicken, whisky, amazing ice cream bars, a dizzying array of energy drinks to an emergency umbrella if it’s raining.
Heck, you can even pay your gas bill there.
In fact, it would probably be easier to list what they don’t have than cover everything they do!
But if I had to narrow it down to one thing that, if they stopped appearing on the shelves, would make me absolutely LOSE IT, it would be onigiri.
Yep. The most simple seeming of all konbini fast foods – Japanese rice balls – are what I end up craving the most.
And onigiri are way more than just the sum of their parts. There’s a magical elevation that seems to happen when cooked and salted rice is stuffed with things like sashimi-grade spicy tuna, and is then wrapped in nori (seaweed sheets).
Whether as a snack or as part of a meal, onigiri tend to be flavor packed and super satisfying. My fave!
Today, we’re going to unwrap the mystery on how to make rice balls at home.
And we’ll level up your onigiri game with three easy to make onigiri recipes – along with a simple bonus preparation.
Itadakimasu! Let’s eat!
What is Onigiri?
Onigiri (おにぎり) – also called omusubi and nigirimeshi – is a Japanese rice ball.
It is often times formed into triangular shapes – and can be wrapped in nori (paper-thin sheets of dried seaweed). Even though that is the most common presentation, it is hardly the only (more on that a little later).
And while I may have just portrayed it as a plastic wrapped snack you grab at any Japanese konbini for ¥100, there is a long history of onigiri in Japan.
You see, onigiri are the original traveling food. Lightly salted rice, compressed into easy to handle single-servings has been in the packs of everyone from travelers to samurai to picnickers to infantry soldiers for centuries in Japan.
Those rudimentary first onigiri may have been little more than compressed, salted rice.
However, the widespread consumption of rice balls meant that the form persevered – and became a ubiquitous way to consume rice throughout the years.
Anchored in Japanese food culture for centuries, these rice balls have taken on new forms and ingredients. But – even with new permutations – the basis is much the same as the original all those years ago.
How to Pronounce Onigiri
What’s the difference between Onigiri and Musubi?
Well, what’s in a name?
The short, easy answer is that there’s no actual difference.
An onigiri is the same as a musubi regardless of what the label at the store says. It’s still a riceball.
Well, why the multiple names then?
The name preferences are more regional than anything. And while there are a ton of regional words at the local level for onigiri, the two main ones are onigiri and musubi.
I’ve heard it explained this way:
- The closer you are to the Kanto region (an eastern region that includes Tokyo), the more likely you are to hear Japanese rice balls referred to as musubi – or O-musubi (more on that in a sec).
- And the closer you are to the Kansai region (which includes Kyoto), the more prevalent the usage of onigiri becomes.
Now, whether that anecdote is accurate or not, no matter where you are in Japan, you can refer to a rice ball either way and you will be understood. I’ve used both terms interchangeably from Hokkaido to Kyushu – and no one has ever looked at me like my head was on fire 🙂
Is it musubi or O-musubi?
The simple answer here is that the O in question is an honorific prefix.
Think of it as a way to impart respect and a feeling of politeness to a word. It’s a simple prefix used to honor something important by adding a little beauty and reverence to the language.
Therefore, water (mizu – 水) becomes o-mizu.
Soy sauce (shoyu – 醤油) becomes o-shoyu.
And musubi becomes o-musubi.
Now, again, these terms are interchangeable – and, for the first time listener, it can seem confusing on where to use the honorific O.
Since rice is a huge part of the the Japanese food lexicon, though, it stands to reason that you might hear musubi dressed up with an O at the beginning.
But, don’t worry! This isn’t a language lesson! I’m all about the cooking, as I know you are too.
So let’s get cracking on making onigiri!
Easy Tricks to Making Rice Balls
First, let’s get this out of the way: while it can seem intimidating to make these perfect parcels of Japanese rice for the first time, it’s totally doable!
There are a couple of EASY tricks I’ll teach you that will keep the train on the tracks, and have you cranking out onigiri like a Japanese master.
And, hey, if all else fails – there’s absolutely no shame in picking up an onigiri mold.
It’s a plastic triangular mold that will not only shape your own homemade onigiri recipe perfectly, but will also have those Japanese rice balls turn out in a uniform size.
Another hack is to use a bit of kitchen plastic-wrap to help you mold your onigiri without them possibly falling apart in your hands.
Regardless of how you achieve your own onigiri creations, it may take a bit of practice at the beginning.
Don’t worry about the trial and error. You still get to eat the failures!
The cool thing is that one day you’ll be molding musubi in your kitchen and you’ll lose track of time. You will have gotten so good at it that you don’t even realize you’re doing it.
How to make onigiri
I like to have all of my ingredients laid out in front of me. Well organized mise en place just makes the whole process run smoothly.
So… take a full sized sheet of nori (seaweed) and cut it lengthwise into thirds.
Next, wet your hands in water (I leave a bowl of water on the side with my ingredients). This important step will keep the rice from sticking to your hands – and allow you to mold your onigiri easily.
Then place between ⅓ and ½ cup of cooked Japanese rice in your wet palm – and create a small indentation in the middle with your thumb.
Add about ½ tablespoon of your filling to the indentation and then enclose with the rice.
Now, form the rice between your two palms into a triangular shape. Try not to press too hard (but hard enough that your rice holds a shape). It’ll take some practice, but you’ll get it!
At this point, I like to sprinkle the exterior my rice ball with a bit of salt.
Then grab a piece of that cut nori and wrap it around your rice ball – kinda like you’d wrap yourself in a blanket 😉
That’s pretty much it!
If I’m making multiple onigiri with different fillings, I like to put a tiny bit of that filling on top of my completed rice ball, so I know which is which. The finished rice balls all tend to look pretty similar, ha!
Note: when I’m making furikake onigiri (more on that version in a sec), I mix the rice seasoning into the cooked rice and simply mold my rice balls into shape. I don’t usually add a sheet of seaweed to this prep (but that’s totally up to you).
What type of rice is used for Onigiri?
You know I’m all about taking it easy (and making it simple on myself) in the kitchen. I like experimenting with ingredients so I know what element I can substitute in a recipe if I’m ever in a pinch.
It makes me an agile cook when I realize that I don’t have something I need while preparing dinner – but can just use something else instead.
I love telling you about alternatives to ingredients, so – if you’re missing something in your pantry – you can take it easy on yourself too!
Well, when it comes to the rice element in these yummy Japanese onigiri – I hate to tell you – there is no substitute for using Japanese rice.
You see, Japanese rice is a short grain that, when cooked, has the perfect texture for making onigiri. The grains will stick together slightly while retaining a fluffy yet toothsome nature.
My favorite Japanese rice for making onigiri is Koshihikari. The small, dainty grains just deliver a chew that is outta this world! The drawback is that it can get a little expensive.
A really good alternative would be Tamanishiki, which I tend to use in everything from onigiri to bento to chahan (Japanese fried rice).
Check out our video on how to make Japanese rice!
Think of these perfect grains as the mega-talented baseball player that just happens to play center field as well as he plays shortstop. Oh – and he pitches too!? Amazing!
And hey – check out my post on how to cook Japanese rice in a rice cooker and on the stovetop here.
Unfortunately, you can’t use anything like jasmine, wild rice or sticky rice to make onigiri. The textures of those wonderful grains just won’t work for our rice ball making purposes here today.
Luckily, Japanese rice is super easy to find these days online and in many grocery stores!
Now, this is the fun part!
Some of the more common Japanese-centric onigiri you’ll typically see are tuna-mayo, ikura (salmon roe), kombu (simmered seaweed) and, Ben’s favorite: mentaiko (spicy salted pollock roe).
Obviously, I have a SERIOUS soft spot for umeboshi onigiri. You see, umeboshi are the sour Japanese pickled plums I love so much that I named my blog after them!
Today, I have three (actually four) onigiri preparations – and the fillings all tend toward the more traditional Japanese flavor profile:
- Okaka (おかか) – a savory combination of fermented and dried skipjack tuna or bonito flakes (katsuobushi) and soy sauce. Deep and salty in flavor.
- Shiozake (塩鮭) – salted salmon, oven-roasted and flaked. This mild yet savory Japanese salmon onigiri preparation really lets the richness of the fish shine. Learn how to make shiozake from scratch here.
- Mushroom and Scallions – finely chopped straw mushrooms, quickly pan sauteed with a bit of soy sauce, mirin and sugar. Minced green scallions are added at the end. Umami, sweet and complex flavors.
- Furikake (ふりかけ) – a pre-packaged rice seasoning mix, typically comprised of dried ground fish, seaweed, sesame seeds and spices. This savory goodness gets mixed in with your cooked rice before forming your onigiri. Oh my, it’s delish!
I hesitate to call the fourth version a ‘recipe’ – since furikake is a dried pre-made rice seasoning that we’re just stirring into cooked rice. But furikake onigiri is soooo delicious (and so simple) that I think the outsized flavor warrants a mention for sure!
Now, while you definitely must use Japanese rice to make Japanese rice balls, the world is your absolute oyster when it comes to the onigiri fillings you can use!
Your creativity can seriously come into play when dreaming up new combinations for your own trademark homemade onigiri. (Be sure to tell me about your own yummy creations in the comments!)
While I’ve shaped my own onigiri in the most common triangular way, there are many shapes and variations to onigiri / musubi.
Some people prefer their onigiri to be formed in a circular fashion. You can use your hands or even a ring mold to get some perfect-ish circles.
It’s also common to see cylindrical onigiri. This flattened oval is called tawara and refers to the shape of old school Japanese straw bales.
What’s most important to note, though, is that – as long as your rice balls hold together, it’s onigiri. The rest is style points 🙂
Heck, you don’t even have to add fillings to your rice balls. My mom makes a mean onigiri that is just salted rice and high quality roasted nori.
Another popular and delicious variation is yaki onigiri (grilled onigiri).
Simply place your rice ball in a grill pan until the rice browns and crisps on the outside – then repeat on the other side.
Then, if you’re so inclined, you can brush each side lightly with miso or soy sauce – or even a bit of sesame oil.
This method is not only delicious, it adds some real texture to the mix!
Another, more modern permutation is onigirazu (おにぎらず) – which is basically an onigiri in sandwich form.
The rice mimics the bread of a sandwich – and it’s common to see waaay more ingredients inside an onigirazu than in a traditional onigiri.
Ham and cheese onigiri?! Well if it’s an onigirazu, then it’s totally fair game!
Is Onigiri the Same as Sushi?
While you might find ikura (salmon roe) or negitoro (chopped tuna and scallions) as a filling in an onigiri, it’s not the filling that dictates the name.
It’s all about the rice!
You see, even ingredients commonly seen in sushi preparations defer to the rice for the name they receive.
Here’s the way my mom tells it: if you add vinegar to Japanese rice – no matter what shape you make it into afterwards, it’s sushi.
Onigiri is salted, pressed rice – no vinegar in sight. Full stop.
As soon as you introduce vinegar, even if you shape it into an obvious onigiri shape (and even if there’s no fish involved) – you’re left with an onigiri shaped piece of sushi.
So, to recap: Vinegar is for sushi. Salt is for onigiri.
My mom is such a boss!
(Check out my post on the differences between Nigiri, Musubi, Sushi and Sashimi here.)
Here we go!
So, are you ready?
Hopefully, by now, some of the pressure is off – and you’re feeling confident in your own onigiri making abilities.
After all, no one is expecting uniform and perfectly shaped onigiri on your first try. Heck, the Japanese rice just needs to stick together (and not have any added vinegar, ha!) to count as official onigiri.
My hope is that you try these out at home – and get to experience first hand the magic that occurs when rice, nori, a few grains of salt and a simple filling all meet up in a yummy parcel of goodness.
And, if you’re still on the fence about making your own, I highly recommend dropping into one of the many thousands of konbinis in Japan to have a taste test!
Look at it this way though: you won’t need any frequent flier miles to make your own onigiri at home!
How about you? Have you tried onigiri in Japan? What about a cultural mash up like Hawaii’s Spam musubi? I’d live to hear about your onigi experiences in the comments!
Other simple, delicious Japanese rice recipes:
- Japanese Fried Rice – チャーハン
- Omurice – オムライス
- Poor Man’s Spicy Tuna Roll
- Vegetarian Chirashizushi (Chirashi sushi)
- Ume Ochazuke
Did you like these Onigiri Recipes? Are there changes you made that you would like to share? Share your tips and recommendations in the comments section below!Print
Onigiri – Japanese Rice Balls (おにぎり)
Four simple and delicious recipes for Japanese rice balls (onigiri).
- Prep Time: 15 minutes
- Total Time: 15 minutes
- Yield: 6-8 rice balls 1x
- Category: snack
- Cuisine: Japanese
- 3 cups cooked Japanese short grain rice
- kosher salt
- Okaka (recipe below)
- Salted Salmon (recipe below)
- Mushroom + Scallion (recipe below)
- Japanese Rice Seasoning (furikake packet)
- 1/2 cup dried bonito flakes
- 1 tablespoon soy sauce
- 1 small piece salmon
- kosher salt
Mushrooms and Scallions
- 1/4 cup canned straw mushrooms (diced)
- 1/2 tablespoon soy sauce
- 1 tablespoon mirin
- 1/4 teaspoon granulated sugar
- 1 scallion (minced)
- In a small bowl, add dried bonito flakes and soy sauce. Stir until the bonito flakes absorb all the soy sauce. Set aside.
- Preheat oven to 400ºF.
- Sprinkle salt on both sides of the salmon filet and transfer to a cooking tray covered with parchment paper.
- Roast in the oven for 25 minutes.
- Flake the cooked salmon with chopsticks or a fork and set aside.
Mushrooms and Scallions
- In a small pan over medium heat, add mushrooms, soy sauce, mirin and sugar. Cook until the mushrooms have absorbed the liquid (about 1-2 minutes).
- Turn the heat off and transfer to a bowl. Let cool to room temperature and mix in scallions. Set aside.
How to Shape Onigiri
- Grab a sheet of nori and cut it into thirds. Set aside.
- Place a small bowl of water in your prep area. Wet your hands with water. This is to prevent the rice from sticking to your hands.
- Scoop between 1/3 to 1/2 cup of rice into the palm of your wet hand.
- Create a small indentation in the center of the rice by pressing with your thumb.
- Add about 1/2 tablespoon of filling to the center indentation and press gently.
- Shape the rice between your palms into round or triangular shapes by gently pressing. Don’t press too hard (but hard enough that the rice can hold a shape).
- Sprinkle a little kosher salt around the exterior of the onigiri.
- Grab a piece of nori and wrap it around the onigiri, like you’d wrap yourself in a blanket.
- If making multiple flavors, top each onigiri with a little filling to indicate the flavor.
- Set it on a plate and repeat the same steps until all the rice is used. Serve.
- Sprinkle desired amount of furikake seasoning on the cooked rice and mix well. Shape rice into triangles or balls and serve.
- Serving Size: 1 rice ball
- Calories: 94
- Sugar: 0.1 g
- Sodium: 103.4 mg
- Fat: 0.2 g
- Saturated Fat: 0 g
- Carbohydrates: 20.2 g
- Fiber: 0 g
- Protein: 2.3 g
- Cholesterol: 1.1 mg
Keywords: recipe, Japanese rice, healthy, side
If you were to pack a couple onigiri for a lunch later in the day, what is the best way to wrap them so they don’t stick together or fall apart in transit?
Hi JJ! The best way is by wrapping the rice balls separately in plastic wrap (you can wrap them pretty tightly), without the nori sheet. Then when you are ready to eat, unwrap the rice ball and you can then wrap it in nori if needed 🙂
Hello there, glad that I found your recipes. I have a question and hoping you might be able to help. When I was a child, we lived in Okinawa, this was in the mid 80s. I am white, but was able to go off-base to a Japanese childcare facility. The people were so heat to me and over my time I was able to learn to speak, read and write Japanese. When I was old enough for school, the owner would take me back to base and drop me off. She often gave me an onigiri to snack on. Most of the time it was just salted rice, sometimes it had nori covering it, but every once in a while it had this filling that was amazing. Being just a young boy, I can’t for the life of me remember what it was. I do remember that it was my favorite food to eat and that it was a burnt orange paste in color. It had a salty umami flavor but have never been able to find it again. I do not know if it was an original recipe or a common item they had. We moved back to a rural location in the Midwest America and it was years before I saw another person with Japanese heritage. It is a prayer but maybe you can help guide me to finding that lost treasure. Thanks for your time.
The orange paste you are talking about is called mentaiko, which is pollock roe 🙂 You can get it at Japanese supermarket in the refrigerated or frozen section. It’s so delicious I’m not surprised it’s left an impression on you! 🙂
Passing this on to my American friends I loved with in Japan! My guilty onigiri pleasure? Tuna with mayonnaise. So American, so gaijin. Still my fave!
I love tuna mayo as well! I wish Seven Eleven could sell them here too, they are so good 🙂
I love love love, umeboshiiiii anything. Oishi neeee!?!?!!!!
When I lived in Okinawa, my friend Aimi Chan (she’s an adult but we would joke around) brought me a container of umeboshi and in two days, my face was swollen…. because I ate the whole container. I went to the doctor to take some pill to lower my sodium. Lmao. Such a silly move I made, but I’m committed to umeboshi for life. Thanks for the wonderful post and photos! I just made onigiri for my neighbor.
You made me laugh so hard with this story! You beat me with your love of umeboshi haha! I thought I was bad but I’ve never gone to the doctor for eating too many of them ! Thank you for sharing this story, I love it!!
I actually grew up in Hawaii and making musabis are way easier than people make it out to be!
I have been experimenting with these for a little while as a perfect lunch food. I work with kids so an on the go meal is what I need!
Now I just need to find some good ingredients locally and I’m good to go!
Thank you for this wrote up it makes so much sense and I feel like I’ll be able to make some super tasty food instead of being intimidated by Japanese cuisine!
Hi! I was wondering how these keep: irrespective of filling, must they be eaten fresh or can they last in the fridge? If I make some for lunch, will they last in a lunch box in a fridge or will they get dried out? Thanks!
They will last in the fridge so as they don’t have any seaweed wrapped around as the texture turns soft and mushy fairly quickly and are kept in an airtight storage container to prevent the rice from drying. You can then microwave the onigiri for a few seconds and then wrap seaweed around them.
You can also freeze onigiri, my mother does it all the time! Wrap them individually in plastic wrap (without the seaweed) and put them in a Ziploc bag or storage container. Then right before eating, microwave for 20-30 seconds and they come out beautiful 🙂
Thank you o much for your recipes and tips. We love onigiri, a taste we developed from our many business trips to Japan.
We have s sweet tooth, so we decided to make a sweet version: coconut, mango onigiri. Our Japanese friends rolled their eyes, but gave it a try and also loved it.
* filling is diced fresh mango with a little coconut milk
* outside is rolled in toasted coconut
* served with sweetened coconut milk drizzled over top.
Its not traditional – but its yummy!!
Thank you for sharing Wes! 🙂
I love you! Nothing more to say. Il make onigiri now every day and my 3 year old daughter loves it too! She said she never wants to eat bread again in the evening or any day, just only moms onigiri rice balls , yummy! Haha and that only was my first try :))
Thanks for your great blog and all your tipps. I want to read more about your japanese kitchen knowledge <3
Aww thank you so much for the beautiful comment! I have a big smile of my face thanks to you 🙂 xx
I am a retired flight attendant I flew for 39 years internationally l one of the things I miss the most is the foreign food and the grocery stores I used to buy the Poor Mans Tuna Rolls I would buy them in the Tokyo airport little grocery store and truly miss eating them and finally I found a recipe so I Thank you
Wow, Aida you must have so many interesting stories! I’d love to hear about your travels, you should start a blog 😉 I hope you enjoy my onigiri recipes, they are simple but yummy. Just like my mother makes them 🙂
YUM……brings back memories of when my parents took me, my 4 siblings and a couple of neighbours to the annual church picnic. My mother always made Onigiri, teriyaki chicken, teriyaki salmon, and of course can’t forget the veggies, fruit and watermelon.
Your recipes bring back a flood of memories…..Wow!
Yum indeed Victoria! Your mom’s onigiri sound so delicious 🙂